Preparation for A1, A2 German Exams in CoimbatoreGerman Speaking Test Modal Exam Video German Language Course for Beginners (Level A1) Level A1 (Basic User 1) of the Common European Framework for Reference of Languages. The curriculum for the A1 German language course includes:
- introducing oneself and others
- asking for someone’s name and origin
- greeting someone
- spelling in German
- starting a conversation
- stating and understanding figures, quantities, time and prices
- ordering and paying in a restaurant
- naming and asking for things/objects
- analysing simple graphs
- describing a flat or house
- describing a geographical location
- speaking about countries, cities, their languages
- making an appointment
- describing ones holiday
- talking about hobbies
- describing people, the clothes they wear
- understanding weather reports and describing the weather
- understanding short written messages, public notices and classified advertisements
- filling in personal details and basic information on forms
- writing brief personal messages/ Emails,
- formulating and responding to common everyday queries and requests.
- answering simple questions relating to everyday life,
- understanding what one hears in everyday situations, such as simple questions,
- instructions and messages, as well as messages on an answerphone, public
- announcements and brief conversations.
How to prepare for the A1 Level Sprechen part?In the speaking part of the A1 German Examination as the introductory part the participants are led by two teachers who organise the Sprechen part . The exam session may consist of four to five participants. The first part of the speaking test consists of the following framework for the participants to introduce themselves one by one following an example by the presenter who normally may be from Goethe Institut.
7.Hobby?The participant has to start with giving his name and go on with how old he or she is , where he comes from, where he lives, what languages he speaks, what his profession is and finally what his hobbies are. Well, it is as simple as that! What does A1 mean? It means the proficiency level you have to be at in German, as per the Common European Framework of Reference for Language. You would have reached the A1 proficiency level when you are able to:
- Understand familiar, concrete expressions necessary to carry out the basic needs of day-to-day life.
- Introduce yourself to people and give personal details.
- Maintain limited communication with another person, provided he or she understands your limitations.
- A written examination that tests your listening, reading, and writing skills, which lasts 65 minutes.
- An oral examination that tests your speaking skills, which lasts 10 to 15 minutes.
Entschuldigung! (I’m sorry./Excuse me.)
Entschuldigen Sie, bitte! (Excuse me, please./I beg your pardon.)
Verzeihung bitte. (Excuse me./Pardon me.)
Wie bitte? (Pardon?/Sorry?/I beg your pardon?) You use this phrase when you don’t understand what someone has said.
Könnten Sie mir bitte helfen? (Could you help me, please?)
Könnten Sie das bitte wiederholen? (Could you repeat that, please?)
Könnten Sie bitte langsamer sprechen? (Could you please speak more slowly?)
Was würden Sie zum Essen empfehlen? (What would you recommend to eat?)
Bringen Sie mir/uns bitte die Speisekarte/die Rechnung. (Please bring me/us the menu/check.)
Könnten Sie bitte einen Löffel/eine Serviette bringen? (Could you bring a spoon/a napkin, please?)
Ich hätte gern . . . (I’d like . . .) When ordering food or drink, add the item from the menu to the end of this phrase.
Wo ist die Schmuckabteilung/Schuhabteilung? (Where is the jewelry/shoe department?)
Wo finde ich die Rolltreppe/die Toiletten? (Where do I find the escalator/restrooms?)
Haben Sie Lederwaren/Regenschirme? (Do you carry leather goods/umbrellas?)
Wie viel kostet das Hemd/die Tasche? (How much does the shirt/bag cost?)
Könnten Sie das bitte als Geschenk einpacken? (Could you wrap that as a present, please?)
Wo ist das Hotel Vierjahreszeiten/Hotel Continental? (Where is the Hotel Vierjahreszeiten/Hotel Continental?)
Gibt es eine Bank/eine Bushhaltestelle in der Nähe? (Is there a bank/bus stop near here?)
Könnten Sie mir bitte sagen, wo die Post/der Park ist? (Could you tell me where the post office/park is, please?)
Wo kann ich eine Fahrkarte kaufen? (Where can I buy a ticket?)
Wie viele Haltestellen sind es zum Bahnhof/Kunstmuseum? (How many stops is it to the train station/art museum?)
Ist das der Bus/die U-Bahn zum Haydnplatz/Steyerwald? (Is this the bus/subway to Haydnplatz/Steyerwald?)
Wie oft fährt die Straßenbahn nach Charlottenburg/Obermenzing?(How often does the streetcar go to Charlottenburg/Obermenzing?)
Ich möchte zum Hauptbahnhof. In welche Richtung muss ich fahren?(I’d like to go to the main train station. In which direction do I need to go?)
Von welchem Gleis fährt der Zug nach Köln/Paris ab? (Which track does the train to Cologne/Paris leave from?)
DialogueRead and listen to the following dialogue between two students:
Hellos and GoodbyesThere are many ways of saying hello and goodbye in German; some of them are:
|Vocabulary: Mr. & Ms. — Herr und Frau|
- The woman’s name is Mrs. Weiß – Die Frau heißt Frau Weiß.
- man and woman – Mann und Frau
- men and women – Männer und Frauen
- lady and gentleman – Dame und Herr
- ladies and gentlemen – Damen und Herren
Replies to Wie geht’s?There are many ways to reply to the question Wie geht’s? Here are some of them:
- And how are you? — Und wie geht es dir? (formal: Und wie geht es Ihnen?)
- And you? — Und dir? (or: Und selbst?; or formal: Und Ihnen?)
DialogueIn this short dialogue Mr. Schwarz uses the informal form you – du. while Franz uses the formal translation of you – Sie. When listening to the dialogue, try to find out how the wordSie is pronounced.
Sie and duWhy is Franz using the formal form of you — Sie while Mr. Schwarz is using the informal ofyou — du? First of all you should realize that Franz addresses Mr. Schwarz with his last name while Mr. Schwarz addresses Franz with his first name. This is probably the most important rule: if you (would) address someone with his or her last name, you should use the formal Sie. On the other hand, if you are using the first name, you should use du. Anything else would sound funny. Sie is the polite form. It is used to foreign people, and in order to testify respect against the interlocutor, for people you would address with Mr and Mrs. So, when do Germans address other people with their first name and say du?
- Some cases are very clear: children, relatives, and friends are always addressed with du. (Mr. Schwarz uses du because Franz is still a child. Otherwise Mr. Schwarz would either use Sie or Franz would also use du.)
- Students (at universities etc.) usually say du to other students and everyone else who is of their age or younger.
- The situation is not so clear for colleagues in companies. Fortunately, there is another rule for grown-ups: any two grown-ups address each other in the same way, either withdu or Sie, but never does only one of them use du and the other Sie. Thus, if in doubt, you can just copy how the other person addresses you.
- In all other situations you should use Sie. If a German thinks that it would be more appropriate to say du, he or she will be happy to suggest to use du. On the other hand, it is almost always considered impolite to go from du to Sie; thus, you shouldn’t put someone in a position where he or she wants to suggest to use Sie instead of du.
- Note that mostly the polite form is easier to use. You just have to learn a few forms of auxiliary and modal verbs. The main verb is usually the infinitive. With the familiar address you unfortunately have to consider many more irregular verbs.
Subject PronounsA noun is a word that describes a thing or being, e.g. “apple”, “woman”, “man”, etc. Pronounsare the little words that refer to previously mentioned nouns, e.g. “it”, “she”, “he”, or even “we”, “him”, etc. The subject of a sentence is the noun or pronoun that the sentence is about. Usually it is the most active thing or being of the sentence. For example, in the sentence “The woman ate an apple.”, both “woman” and “apple” are nouns, but “woman” is the subject of the sentence because the sentence is about the action performed by the woman. (If you are curious: “apple” is the direct object of the sentence.) If we replace the nouns of the example by pronouns, the sentence becomes: “She ate it.” In this example, “she” and “it” are pronouns. The subject of this sentence is the pronoun “she” and therefore this kind of pronoun is called a subject pronoun. Now that you know about the English subject pronouns, here is a table of them with their German counterparts. Note that you corresponds to three different words in German, depending on whether you address one or more persons and whether you are using a more formal or more familiar way of addressing them.
|Grammar: Subject Pronouns — Subjekt-Pronomina|
|2nd person||you||du, Sie*|
|3rd person||he, she, it||er, sie, es|
|2nd person||you||ihr, Sie*|
NamesTo say the name of someone or something you can use to be called — heißen. You have already seen some forms of the verb heißen. Here is a more systematic table with all the forms in the present tense. Note that the subject pronouns are capitalized because they start the sentences.
Important VerbsVerbs are the words that describe the action of a sentence, e.g. (to) run, (to) call, (to) be, etc.Conjugation refers to changing the form of a verb depending on the subject of a sentence. For example, the verb to be – sein has several different forms: (I) am…, (you) are…, (he) is…, etc. Most English verbs, however, have only two forms in the present tense, e.g.,(I/you/we/they) run and (he/she/it) runs. German verbs, on the other hand, have usually several forms in the present tense. You have already learned the forms of one German verb: to be called – heißen.
|Verb: to be — sein|
|singular||1st person||I am||ich bin|
|2nd person||you are||du bist|
|3rd person||he/she/it is||er/sie/es ist|
|plural||1st person||we are||wir sind|
|2nd person||you are||ihr seid|
|3rd person||they are||sie sind*|
|Verb: to have — haben|
|singular||1st person||I have||ich habe|
|2nd person||you have||du hast|
|3rd person||he/she/it has||er/sie/es hat|
|plural||1st person||we have||wir haben|
|2nd person||you have||ihr habt|
|3rd person||they have||sie haben*|