Hindi Classroom:Pronouns and Possessives

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The first person pronoun in English is “I” as in ” I am _______”.  Hindi equivalent for English “I” is “मैं (main)”. “am” is a  be verb. Together ” I am” translates to ” “मैं ____हूँ”. (main —-hoon) in Hindi. Hindi follows Subject-Object-Verb format. All Hindi sentences end with verbs. “हूँ” (hoon) is a Hindi “be verb” like “am” in English only used for first person pronouns.
Hindi English
मैं पीटर हूँ | (main peter hoon) I am peter
मैं spiderman हूँ | (main spiderman hoon) I am the spiderman
मैं photographer हूँ | (main photographer hoon) I am a photographer.
मैं अमेरिकन  हूँ | (main american hoon) I am american.
मैं awesome हूँ | (main awesome hoon) I am awesome

 Spoken Hindi

Masculine (singular) मेरा फोनmeraa phone My phone
Masculine (plural) मेरे फोनmere phone My phones
Feminine (singular) मेरी बहनmeri behan My sister
Feminine (plural) मेरी बहनेmeri behane My sisters
Honor मेरे पिताजीmere pitaajee My father
मेरा , मेरी , मेरे = My
Telling your name in Hindi : “name is a masculine noun”
Hindi English
मेरा नाम पीटर है |(meraa naam peter hai) My name is Peter.
मेरा नाम टीना है |(mera naam teena hai) My name is Teena.
मेरा नाम जोसफ है|(mera naam joseph hai) My name is Joseph.
मेरा नाम सैम है |(meraa naam sam hai) My name is Sam.
मेरा नाम रोन है |(meraa naam ron hai) My name is Ron.
मेरा नाम (meraa naam) = My name
 Hindi Language Classes

Second Persons in Hindi.

You will learn to say sentences like

“You are beautiful”  or “You are my love” in Hindi. There are 3 equivalents for English “you” in Hindi “तू (tu)“-is used when you are talking to someone who is either younger than you or very close to you in a relationship. Your friends, wives,younger sisters,brothers fall into this category.It is advisable not to use this pronoun while talking to a stranger or a person who is elder than you. “तुम(tum)” –  Use it freely in all the informal conversations. “आप(aap)”- is used in formal conversations,more often while talking with elders or strangers.
 Learn to speak Hindi
Quick Tip: To be on safe side, use “आप(aap)” in all  situations since it’ll work in all the cases.
Hindi English
First Person Singular मैं पीटर हूँ |main peter hoon I am Peter
Second Person (very informal) तू  पीटर है |tu peter hai You are Peter
Second Person (informal) तुम पीटर हो |tum peter ho You are Peter
Second Person (formal) आप पीटर हैं |aap peter ho You are Peter

तू,तुम,आप = you

 Possessive Pronouns

The English first person possessive pronoun is “My”. Hindi has 3 equivalents for this. 1)मेरा (mera) – to be used for masculine nouns 2)मेरी(meri) -to be used for feminine nouns 3)मेरे /मेरी(mere/meri) – to be used for plural nouns depending on the gender
speak hindi pronouns possessive

Second Person Personal Pronoun

You will learn to say sentences like Your name is Monica. Your car is Ford in Hindi.
Masculine(singular) तेरा  फोन teraa phone तुम्हारा  फोन tumhaaraa phone आपका  फोन aapkaa phone Your phone
Masculine(plural) तेरे  फोन tere phone तुम्हारे फोन tumhaare phone आपके  फोन aapke phone Your phones
Feminine(singular) तेरी बहन teri bahan तुम्हारी बहन tumhaari bahan आपकी बहन aapki bahan Your sister
Feminine(plural) तेरी बहने teri bahane तुम्हारी बहने tumhaari bahane आपकी बहने aapki bahane Your sisters
Honor तेरे पिताजी tere  pitaajee तुम्हारे पिताजी tumhaare pitaajee आपके पिताजी aapke pitaajee Your father
 तू = तेरा ,तेरी ,तेरे तुम = तुम्हारा,तुम्हारी ,तुम्हारे आप = आपका ,आपकी ,आपके
Hindi English
First Person Singular मेरा नाम पीटर है | mera  naam peter hai My name is Peter
Second Person (very informal) तेरा नाम पीटर है | tera naam peter hai Your name is Peter
Second Person (informal) तुम्हारा नाम पीटर है| tumhara naam peter hai Your name is Peter
Second Person (formal) आपका नाम पीटर है | aapka naam peter hai Your name is Peter
In this Hindi lesson

Third person Possessive Pronouns

Previously you learned Hindi pronouns like मैं (main), तुम (tum),यह (yah), वह (vah)………….. You also learned the possessive forms of pronouns “मैं” and “तुम” The possessive forms of “मैं ” are “मेरा / मेरी /मेरे ” Similarly the possessive forms of “तुम ” are “तुम्हारा/तुम्हारी/तुम्हारे” In this lesson, we shall see the possessive form of यह (yah) and वह (vah) We will try to make sentences like His Car is Ford or Her name is Monica. Just to remind you that “यह” is used to describe objects or persons near you while “वह” is used to describe objects away from you.
Hindi English
Talking about a person who is near you.For example: You and John are talking about your third friend who is sitting together with you. इसका फोनiska phone His/Her phone
इसकी गाड़ीiskee gaadi His/Her Car
इसका भाईiskaa bhaai His Brother
इसकी बहनiskee bahan His/Her Sister
इसका फोन samsung है |iskaa phone samsung hai

His/Her phone is samsung.

इसकी गाड़ी Ford है |
iskee gaadi ford hai
His/Her car is Ford.
Spoken Hindi
Hindi English
Talking about a person who is away from you.For example You and John are talking about who is not with you but somewhere else. उसका फोनooska phone His/Her phone
उसकी गाड़ीooskee gaadi His/Her Car
उसका भाईooskaa bhaai His Brother
उसकी बहनooskee bahan His/Her Sister
उसका फोन samsung है |ooskaa phone samsung hai

His/Her phone is samsung.

उसकी गाड़ी Ford है |ooskee gaadi ford hai His/Her car is Ford.
Hindi English
हम भारतीय हैं |(hum bhaarteey hain) we are Indians.
हम डॉक्टर हैं |(hum doctor hain) We are Doctors.
आप भारतीय हैं |(aap bhaarteey  hain) You are Indians.
आप डॉक्टर हैं |(aap doctor hain) You are Doctors.
वे भारतीय हैं |(ve bharteey hain) They are Indians.
वे डॉक्टर हैं |(ve doctor hain) They are Doctors.
हम = weआप   = You
वे      =  They
Describing Masculine Objects :
भारत हमारा देश है |(bhaarat hamaara desh hai) India is our country.
अमरीका आपका देश है |(amrikaa aapkaa desh hai) Amerika is your country.
जपान उनका देश है |(japaan unkaa desh hai) Japan is their country.
Describing Feminine Objects:
इंडिका हमारी कार है |(indicaa hamaari car hai) Indica is our car.
स्पार्क आपकी कार है |(spark aapki car hai) Spark is your car.
मारुती उनकी कार है |(maaruti unkee car hai) Maruti is their car.
Describing Multiple objects
हमारे पैसे(hamaare paise) Our money
आपके पैसे
(aapke paise)
Your money
उनके पैसे(unke paise) Their money
Our = हमारा/हमारी /हमारे Your = आपका / आपकी /आपके Their = उनका /उनकी /उनके

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